Fact sheet - Electronic voting

Updated 6 Dec 2019

Electronic voting was used for the first time at the ACT Legislative Assembly election in October 2001. This was the first electronic voting system to be used for a parliamentary election in Australia. There were 16,559 electronic votes cast at the 2001 election. Electronic voting was used again in the October 2004 election, taking 28,116 votes; the October 2008 election, taking 43,820 votes; the October 2012 election, taking 59,200 votes; and the October 2016 election, taking 81,538 votes.

The ACT's electronic voting and counting system (eVACS) uses standard personal computers as voting terminals, with voters using a QR code to activate and conclude their voting session. Voting terminals are linked to a server in each polling location using a secure local area network. No votes are taken or transmitted over a public network like the Internet.

After you have your name marked on the electoral roll you are given a card with a QR code printed on it instead of a paper ballot. You use a private voting booth - equipped with a touchscreen monitor and a barcode reader. Vision impaired voters use a telephone-style keypad to navigate and make selections.

Scanning the card through the barcode reader brings up the ballot paper for your electorate and registers that a vote is about to be made.

By touching the screen you select the candidates you wish to vote for. The first candidate you select will be number 1, the second number 2 and so on. You can select as many candidates as you like. You then have an opportunity to go back and change your choices or start again. If you do not choose any candidates, your vote will be counted as informal.

Your vote is only recorded on the computer when you scan your card for a second time. At that point you cannot change your vote. The e-voting QR code can only be used to cast one vote.

At the end of election day data is removed from the polling place server and loaded into the counting program where your vote is counted. This process saves paper and counting time and gives a fast and accurate result. The result is more accurate than a paper ballot because there is no possibility of misreading handwritten numbers. Numbers cannot be repeated or left out of a sequence.

Electronic counting, which combines the counting of electronic votes and paper ballots, was also used in the ACT for the first time at the 2001 election.

For the 2008, 2012 and 2016 elections, preferences shown on paper ballots were electronically scanned. This data was combined with the results of the electronic voting, and the computer program distributed preferences under the ACT's Hare-Clark electoral system.

Yes - eVACS allows someone who is totally blind to vote independently, in secret.

Every electronic polling place is equipped with a voting terminal that can be used by a person seated in the supplied chair or in a wheelchair. Each of these terminals has a large monitor. These terminals are also equipped with headphones broadcasting recorded spoken instructions.

If you use the headphones, the system invites you to press any key on the voting keypad to hear a description of what that key does. Each function key is also labelled with a tactile label indicating its purpose.

When you have finished learning the functions of all the keys, scanning the e-voting QR code will bring up the ballot paper screen.

When the ballot paper appears on screen for the first time, you are informed of the name of the electorate and the instructions printed on the screen. As you move around the ballot paper with the direction keys, the audio broadcasts the group letter, registered party name and candidate name highlighted by the cursor. When you indicate preferences by pressing the "select" key, the system also broadcasts the preference number assigned to each candidate.

When you finish allocating preferences, pressing the "finish" key brings up the confirmation screen and the system will read out your preferences in numerical order. You can then choose to return to the ballot paper and correct any errors or keep voting for more candidates, or confirm the vote by scanning the e-voting QR code for a second time.

Where possible, full wheelchair access is provided at all polling places where electronic voting is available. Otherwise assisted wheelchair access is available.